Bhagavadgita !

Chapter 10

Vibhuti Yoga !


||om tat sat||
भूय एव महाबाहो श्रुणुमे परमं वचः।
यत्तेsहं प्रीयमाणाय वक्ष्यामि हितकाम्यया॥1||
"Oh Arjuna! Listen again to that supreme utterance which being interested in your welfare I am telling you who will take delight in it."

||Salutations to Sri Krishna||
Vibhuti Yoga
Chapter 10

Vibhuti is the glory or richness. In the context of Gita and the dialog on Brahman it is the glory or richness of the Brahman as well as the pervasiveness of Brahman.

When the universe itself is a glory of the Brahman, one who is already attuned to the thought of the all-pervasive Brahman would wonder what is that part which does not constitute the glory of Brahman. So, the next step of the need for reiterating the glory of the Brahman would thus seem redundant.

But Gita is about leading one person step by step into the realm of Brahman. For the converted this is a confirmation. For others knowing this becomes an important necessary step.

The glory of the Brahman has already been mentioned in Chapter seven, eight and nine too. In the seventh chapter Krishna says:
रसोsहमप्सु कौन्तेय प्रभास्मि शशि सूर्ययोः।
प्रणवः सर्व वेदेषु शब्दः खे पौरुषं नृषु॥
(I am) The taste in the water, light in the Sun and moon, the "Om" in Vedas, the sound in the space, the virility in men"

Krishna firmly adds
बीजं मां सर्वभूतानां विद्धि पार्थ सनातनम्
"Oh Partha know me as the seed in all"
This is a good enough indication of the glory of "Him"

Then the ninth chapter ends with an exhortation from Krishna saying
" मन्मनाभव मद्बक्तो मद्याजीमां नमस्कुरु"

Meaning that
" Be one with mind focused on me, pay obeisance to me. With mind focused on me and accepting me as the supreme goal you will attain me "

To have a single minded focus on the Him, the knowledge of the glories of "Him" will be immense help in getting the mind focused on "Him". Hence Krishna here teaches the Glories of Brahman

भूय एव महाबाहो श्रुणुमे परमं वचः।
यत्तेsहं प्रीयमाणाय वक्ष्यामि हितकाम्यया॥1||
"Oh Arjuna! listen again to that supreme utterance which being interested in your welfare I am telling you who will take delight in it."
That supreme utterance is about the glories of the Supreme one.
This is not known to everybody.
"न मे विदुः सुरगणाः प्रभवं... "
" My powers are not known to Devas and others ..."
It is also not known to Maharshis etc.
If you want to why it is not known to others the answer is there too.
" अहं आदिः हि" "I am the first one" and he is the cause of it all.

Then Krishna goes on to elaborate further
बुद्धिर्‍ज्ञानमसम्मोहः क्षमा सत्यं दमश्शमः।
सुखं दुःखं भवोsभावो भयं च अभयमेव च॥4||
अहिंसा समता तुष्टिः तपो दानं यशोsयशः।
भवन्ति भावा भूतानां मत्तएव पृथग्विधाः॥5||

- Intelligence, knowledge, non delusion, forgiveness, truth, control of external organs, tranquility of internal organs, happiness, sorrow, birth existence fear and fearlessness - all these springs from "Him" alone.

From him were born the seven Rishis and the four Manus. With their minds, focused on "Him", the rest of the beings evolved from them.

Among those beings that came forth, those who knew the glory of the Brahman are able to focus on him with unwavering mind. Knowing the glories of "Him" has many advantages. Krishna goes on to elaborate.

मच्च्त्तित्ता मद्गताप्राणा बोधयन्तः परस्परम्।
कथयन्तश्च मां नित्यं तुष्यन्ति च् रमन्ति च॥9||

Krishna elaborates -
- those having mind focused on me
- those whose life is absorbed in me
परस्परम् बोधयन्तः
- teaching each other ( about me)
- speaking of me
तुष्यन्ति च रमन्ति च-
(are) satisfied and delighted!

Those who know the glory of the Supreme get that delight. Just by speaking about him and teaching each other.

For such people - who are steadfast
"ददामि बुद्दियोगं तं"
"presenting them the way of discrimination"(10.10)

Having been taught about Karma yoga, Jnyana yoga, Moksha Sannyaasa Yoga, Vignyana Yoga, Rajavidya Raajaguhya yoga, realizing that for attaining Brahman steadfastness in contemplation as the key, Arjuna realizes that the knowledge of glories of the Supreme one will help in such steadfastness. So Arjuna asks Krishna to elaborate on the same.
अर्जुन उवाच
विस्तरेणात्मनो योगं विभूतिं च जनार्दन।
भूयं कथय तृप्तिर्हि श्रुण्वतो नास्ति मेsमृतम्॥18||
"O Krishna! Tell me again in detail your yoga and glories I am not content until I hear that nectar ( of Glory) "

Thus, having raised the curiosity of Arjuna, Krishna tells the glory that has - अन्तः न अस्ति or "has no end". Krishna is telling beforehand that there is no end to the glories of "Him".

So, he will detail in order of their importance.

Then Krishna starts the teaching of the glories of "Him"
श्री भगवानुवाच॥
अहमात्मा गुडाकेश सर्वभूताशयस्थितः।
अहमादिश्च मध्यं च भूतानामन्त एव च॥20||
"Oh Arjuna I am the Self residing in the hearts of all beings. I am the origin. The middle as also the end of all beings."

By saying -अहमात्मा - "I am the self" Krishna is reiterating the Mahavakya of Vedas that Self is none other than the Supreme being itself. Having stated that he will elaborate on the glories in order of their importance and then first stating that -" I am the Self residing in all " - Krishna states that the statement -" I am the Self, residing in all ", as the most important aspect of the spiritual learnings.

Then Krishna goes on to elaborate on the excellences that constitute the Supreme one.
He is the:
"Vishnu among Adityas ,
Marichi in Maruts
Moon among the Stars
Sama Veda among Vedas
Indra among Gods
Mind among the organs
Intelligence among creatures ,
Sankara among Rudras
Kubera among Yakshas and Rakshasa
Agni among Vaus
Meru among Mountains
Brihaspti among the priests
Skandha among commanders
Ocean among large expanses of water
Bhrigu among the great sages
The single syllable (om) among utterances
Japa among rituals
Himalaya among immovable
Peepul tree among all trees
Narada among the divine sages
Chitraratha among Gandharvas
Kapila among Siddhas
Ucchaisravas born of nectar among horses
Iravat among elephants,
King among men ,
Vajrayudha among weapons
Kamadhenu among cows
Kandarpa the progenotor,
Vasuki among all sarpas
Ananta among Nagas
Varuna among aquatics
Aryma among manes
Yama among those who punish
Prahlada among demons
Time among those who keep count
Lion among the animals
Garuda among birds
Air among purifiers
Rama among bearers of arms
Makara among fishes
Ganga among rivers
The beginning middle and the end of all ,
Knowledge of Self among all knowledge
Vada among debaters
"akara" among letters,
Dvandva among compounds,
Time among the undelaying ,
The dispenser with many faces
Brihat Sama among Samaveda songs
Gayatri among meters
Margasirsha among months
Spring among seasons
Gambling among the fradulent
Force among the forceful ones
I am the victory
I am the effort
Vasudeva among Yadavas
Sattva among those possessing Sattva
Arjuna among Pandavas
Veda Vyasa among sages
Knowledge among those having knowledge
Seed among all beings "

As a last word Krishna again says the following ;
नान्तोsस्ति मम दिव्यानां विभूतिनां परन्तप।||40||
" Oh Arjuna there is no end to my glories ".

So how to know all of it ? Krishna gives a simple principle as a guide for that knowledge.

"यत् यत्" "तत् तत्"
meaning "whatever, whatever" " all that "
Whatever is
" विभूतिमत् " - endowed with glory
" श्रीमत्" - endowed with auspiciousness
"ऊर्जितं एव वा" - endowed with energy
"तत् तत्" - all of that
मम तेजोंश संभवम् - Is "endowed with my power"
That is the glory of the Supreme one(10.41).

Then comes Krishna's punch line:
"(इदं) त्वं अवगच्छ"
- "Arjuna! That you should know"
Krishna tells Arjuna that all that is best in a being is the glory of the Supreme one. And Krishna emphasizes to Arjuna that that is what he should know.

Indeed, that is what we all need to know too !

More clearly Krishna adds
विष्टभ्याहमिदं कृत्स्न मेकांशेन स्थितो जगत्॥42||"
विष्टभ्याहं - I am supporting
इदं कृत्स्नं - all this ( world)
ऎकांशेन- with a part ( of myself)

"Arjuna I exist supporting all this universe with a part of myself "
That defines all the glories of the Supreme being.
||om tat sat||
अथवा बहुनैतेन किं ज्ञातेन तवार्जुन।
विष्टभ्याहमिदं कृत्स्न मेकांशेन स्थितो जगत्॥42||
Oh, Arjuna What is the need for all these details.(Suffice to say) that I support the whole universe by a part of my self "
|| om tat sat||