One more thing ! ......

Charuvaka School of Brihaspati !!

"Charvaka" school makes clear that Charvaakas have no faith in any religious practice .They denounce religious practices to attain Heaven . They declare all the severe penances to attain salvation are meaningless. All efforts to please Gods and obtain fruits are also useless, according to this school of Philosophy . The main aim of life according to them is to enjoy the life as it happens. This is truly the "Here " and " Now" sect.

According to Charvaakas- it cannot be said that enjoyment of life cannot be the goal of man because there may be pain associated with such enjoyment. A man wanting to eat fish does not reject it because there are bones , nor does a man reject rice because it may carry husk and small stones. It proclaims that it is foolish reasoning that pleasure arising from sense objects should be relinquished as it is accompanied by pain. It asks ‘ does a man desirous of keeping good health throw away the berries of paddy rich with finest grain considering it to be covered with husk and dust?

There is no heaven ( other than the pleasures on this earth), Therefore it follows that there is no hell other than the pain on this earth. King whose existence is proved by all is the God . The dissolution ( death) of the body is the liberation. Soul and body are one and the same.

All of this probably came as a reaction to Brahmanic schools of thought which pushed rituals and the Vedic philosophy. The Charuvaka philosophy is difficult to set aside because majority of living beings live by this view even if they subscribe to the more esoteric Advaita Philosophy of Sankara or even Dvaita philosophy of Madhvacharya officially.

The timelessness of this philosophy can be see from the fact that probably the present " here and now" generation would have no difficulty in identifying with thsi philosophy,

The thought process of Charuvaka School is ascribed to Brihaspati

A few lines on charvaka school.

Lead life happily as long as you live. No one can escape from Vision of Death. When once this body is burned to ashes where from does it return again?

The Agnihotra, the three Vedas and the smearing one self with ashes - all these are but means of Livelihood for men destitute of man-power and intellect ( Brahmans)

There is no heaven . No final liberation, nor any soul in another world . The actions of four caste orders do not produce any effect

If a beast killed in the Jyothisma rite ( animal sacrifice) will itself go to Heaven , why does not then the sacrificer forthwith offer his own father ( who can then go to heaven directly!)

If Shraddha produces gratification to beings who are dead and in another world , then here too in the case of travelers it is needless to give provisions for the journey ( offer Shraddha for them also - so they can get gratified and there is no need to carry the provisions!!)

Hence it is only as a means of Livelihood that Brahmins have established here . All these ceremonies for the dead there is no other fruit anywhere !.

Brihaspati as a God in heaven seem to have propagated the philosophy to Rakshasas With the idea that following this philosophy they will self destruct.

Rakshasas as one sect followed this philosophy in its totality.They are probably being followed by the current generation of "Nasthikas"

om tat sat