||Sundarakanda||

|| Sarga 11 ||

|| Tattva Dipika ||


||om tat sat||

|om tat sat||

Sundarakanda
Sarga 11

Tattvadipika

The story in the eleventh Sarga can be summarized as follows.

Having mistook Mandodari to be Sita, and having been delighted on seeing Mandodari, Hanuman stopped for a moment and thought about Sita again. In separation from Rama, "సా న స్వప్తుం"- meaning she will not be able to sleep, "న భోక్తుం" - meaning she will not able to eat, "నాప్యలంకర్తుమ్" - meaning she will not be able to decorate herself. Concluding that it must be some body else "అన్యేయం ఇతి నిశ్చిత్య", Hanuman continued his search for Sita

With all his determined search, what Hanuman saw was Ravana who was sleeping, having had love games with"రూపసల్లాప శీలేన"- women with pleasing disposition and willing to play, "యుక్తగీతార్థభాషిణా"- women who were capable of speaking and singing appropriately. He was being served by "అంగనానాం సహస్రేణ"- thousands of pretty women.

Moving about, he saw "మృగాణాం మహిషీణాంచ వరాహాణాం చ" food made with meat of variety of animals. Wonderful eatables and wonderful drinks were visible everywhere.

There the women were sleeping embracing one another. In the deep sleep they are tugging at the clothes of other women. They were in varying postures having participated in acts of love.

The place was filled with air blowing gently with pleasant smelling scents, making one succumb to the power of sleep..

The powerful Vanara searched all over in the inner chambers. But he could not find Sita.

While seeing those women, suddenly it occurred to Hanuman that he might have transgressed the line of Dharma by looking at other women up so close.

But that నిశ్చితైకాన్తచిత్తస్య - the one who is very focussed , కార్యనిశ్చయ దర్శినః - meaning one who is well versed in focussing on a task, then said to himself that, " It is the mind which leads to senses to indulge in good as well as bad acts". But that his mind was perfectly stable unaffected by anything. Thus having satisfied himself, Hanuman continued his search.

That was the story of the eleventh Sarga.

Tattva dipika :

Hanuman in his continued search in the inner palaces of Ravana sees of hundreds of Ravana's women in different postures after having entertained Ravana. He sees many objects of enjoyment, and objects of feast. But Hanuman's mind is not affected. He is focussed in the search for Sita.

But while searching for Sita , having looked at all Ravana's women from close quarters Hanuman gets a doubt whether he crossed the line of Dharma. But in search for Sita he had no choice but to look at those women.

Then Hanuman says

"మనోహి హేతుః సర్వేషాం ఇంద్రియాణాం ప్రవర్తనే|
శుభాశుభః అవస్థాసు తచ్చ మే సువ్యవస్థితం"||

"It is the vagaries of mind that leads the senses to indulge in good or bad behavior. But my mind is pretty stable."

Here we see Hanuman who has seen women is various erotic poses. Yet he is utterly unaffected by what all he is seeing.

This state in which he is unaffected by anything is an essential stage in the search for "Self".

This is the state of "Sthita pragnya". "Sthita pragnya" is one who is unaffected by objects of enjoyment , the good or the bad. That is the state one ought to be in search of "Self" too.

While seeing women, or the items of food , it did not occur to Hanuman that those are objects of enjoyment or objects of a feast to be enjoyed.

His mind is focussed on Sita only. Thinking of her all the time, his mind was not affected by all those objects of enjoyment or feasts or drinks. We see Hanuman fully in control of his senses and focussed on the search for the wife of Rama. .

Mumukshu, the one in search of "Self", too should be in a similar state.

In Gita , when Arjuna asks about "Sthita pragnya" , Krishna says the following :

"దుఖేష్వనుదిగ్ధమనాః సుఖేషు విగతస్పృహః
వీతరాగభయక్రోధః స్థితధీః మునిరుచ్యతే"||

"One whose mind remains undisturbed amidst misery, who does not crave for pleasure, and who is free from attachment, fear, and anger, is called "Sthita pragnya", a sage of steady wisdom".

In the search for Sita , Hanuman is indeed like a "Sthita Pragnya"

|| om tat sat ||
|| This is what we understood from Appalaacharyulugaru's Tattvadipika ||
|| om tat sat ||