|| Sarga 32 ||

|| Tattva Dipika ||

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|| om tat sat||
sōsvatīrya drumā ttasmā dvidrumapratimānanaḥ|
vinītavēṣaḥ kr̥paṇaḥ praṇipa tyōpasr̥tya ca||1||

Dressed in a somber manner, and shining he whose face was of the color of corals, having offered salutations approached the sorrowing one.

Sarga 33

Tattvadipika 33
"bhāryā rāmasya dhīmataḥ"

In the thirty second Sarga
Sita with fears clouding her mind,
offers prayers to Brahma Indra and Brihaspti saying,
"Let all those words spoken by the Vanara in front of me
be true and not anything else".
"anēnacōsktaṁ yadidaṁ mamāgrataḥ
vanaukasā tat ca tathāstu nānyathā|"

That is a fervent prayer.

Why is she praying that let everything be true?
From Hanuma's narration of "Ram katha",
The following good news is clear
Rama is in search of Sita.
Earlier Sita was worried,
"ihasthāṁ māṁ na jānītē"
"may be he does not know I am captive here".
Now she knows, that he is in search of her.

In that process of searching for her,
"asasāda vanē mitraṁ"|
Rama acquired new friends in the forests.
With their help thousands have been deployed in all directions.
So actions for search and rescue of Sita are in full swing.
That is what Sita wanted to know.

Hanuman too realized that
Hearing "Ram katha" Sita is now receptive.
That was what he hoped for too.
So he comes down the Simsupa tree,
approching her bows his head paying the customary obeisance.
He speaks to her in sweet words.

'Oh Lady with eyes like lotus petals,
Oh blemish less lady ,
wearing crumpled silk garments and
Standing while holding a branch,
who are you?
Tears are flowing from your eyes,
like the water trickling down a pair of lotus petal".

'Oh Auspicious lookngi lady !
Are you a goddess or the other,
Are you from among Gandharvas, or Nagas, or Rakshasas or Yakshas ?
O Beautiful lady ! Are you one of Rudras or Maruts ?
Oh Best among women you appear to be a goddess to me.
Are you one one of the luminaries that fell on earth separated from the moon?
Are you Rohini, embellished with the best of virtues among all the constellations?
Oh Lady with blemish less eyes!
Who are you ?
Are you Arundhati who out of anger or out of love, made Vasistha angry?
Who is the son or father of brother or husband ,
who departed from this world making you sorrowful?'.

Hanuma continues.

' From your sorrowful cries and the deep breaths,
you bear the signs of a royal queen.
On the basis of your signs and other qualities
I think that you are the queen of a king or a princess.
Are you Sita that was brought by force from Janasthana?
If you are that Sita Brought by Ravana, please tell me.
May god bless you.
Your plight, superior human form,
your robes marked with asceticism ,
makes me think that you certainly look like Rama's queen'.

Flow of Hanuma's approach is notable.
Though he knew that she is indeed Sita,
He did not immediately ask "are you Sita?"

We heard in fifteenth Sarga fifteen that Hanuman was delighted,
after confirming to himself that she is indeed Sita.
"ēvaṁ sītā tadā dr̥ṣṭvā
hr̥ṣṭaḥ pavana saṁbhavaḥ".

Yet having already confirmed to himself,
having overheard the implorings of Ravana,
Having heard Sita's rejection,
he knows fully well that she is Sita.

Hanuman's goal was winning Sita's confidence.
So first he presented her state in respectful words.
Then he wondered aloud if she is indeed one of the luminaries.
Finally brought up her being possibly a royal queen.

Only then he asked the question.
Not that he did not know the answer.
He wanted to hear the confirmation from her.

Sita obliges him handsomely.
She details that part of Ramakatha
which Hanuma did not sing.

So Vaidehi Sita hearing his words ,
delighted by the words of praise about Rama,
addressed Hanuman.

' I am the daughter in law of Dasaratha,
who is the foremost among the great kings on this earth,
who knows self,
who is a slayer of enemy armies.
I am the daugther of the great soul Janaka , the king of Videha.
I am the wife of sagacious Rama'.

Here Sita sticks the the form of those days.
Customis that a girl would mention her husbands lineage,
then her own lineage,
and finally her husband.
Sita first mentions the greatness of Dasaratha.
Then she announces herself as the duaghter of Videha King.
Then announces with pride that she is wife of wise Rama
"bhāryā rāmasya dhīmataḥ"

This line echoes an earlier line from Sita.
" dīnō vā rājya hīnōvā
yōmē bhartā sa mē guruḥ"

Both these lines indicate her firm convictions.
These lines also establish why Sita is seen as an ideal wife.
The description of Dasaratha as one who destroyed enemies,
almost hints at another thought
That her status would have been different if were he alive.

Then Sita continues her narration.

' I have lived in Rama's house for twelve years.
Enjoyed the pleasures of a human being.
Then in the thirteenth year,
the king decided to anoint Rama,
the delight of Ikshwaku line, as the king.
The arrangements for anointing Rama are on.
Then queen by name Kaikeye spoke to her husband thus.
"I will not drink or eat,
if Rama is anointed.
This is the end of my life.
Oh Best of Kings those words of love you spoke to me,
if they are not to be false then Rama goes to forest".

'The king ever truthful,
remembering the word given to Kaikeye,
hearing the unpleasant words of Kaikeye fainted.

Then the king who is aged ,
who is established in righteous conduct,
while crying begged his famed eldest son to give back the kingdom.
That illustrious one for whom father's word is most important,
more important than the kingdom ,
having accepted in his mind then accepted his words'.

'Rama strength is his truthfulness,
He gives but not take even if his life were to depend on that,
Nor will he speak words that are unpleasant.
That great person,
casting off the luxurious upper garments,
giving up the kingdom whole heartedly,
entrusted me to his mother in order to go to forests.
I myself started before him to be a forest dweller.
For without him even heaven is not preferable.

Sumitra's son, a noble one,
a delight to his friends,
dressed himself in bark clothes to follow his brother to the forest'.

In thus elaborating on Rama's character,
Sita's words speak volumes.
"napratigr̥hṇīyāt" ,
"He gives does not take back".
"na brūyāt kiṁcidapriyaṁ"
He does not speak an unpleasant word
even if his life depended on that.

"rāmaḥ satyaparākramaḥ".
Rama is a fighter for truth.
satyaparākramaḥ means
one who is a True fighter
one who fights for truth
one who wins all other worlds with truth as his weapon.
All are applicable to Rama.

Dasaratha too described as one steeped in sticking to truth.
Hinting that the Ikshwaku lineage of Rama is a stickler for truth.

Every word of Sita reflects her commitment
to the lineage she stepped into.
Every word of Sita reflects her love for her husband.
In her eloquence Sita displays her pride.

Sita Continues

' Then we following the kings orders and fully determined
entered the impenetrable Dandaka forest.
While the most valiant Rama was living in that forest ,
I was carried away by the evil minded Ravana.
He has given me a two months to live.
After those two months I will be giving up my life'.

Sita's last line
" tataḥ takṣyāmi jīvitaṁ"
that she will give up her life ,
after the expiry of Ravana's time limit,
summarizes her true state.

Thus we hear Sita,
"bhāryā rāmasya dhīmataḥ"
the wife of wise Rama
expressing her pitiable state in this Sarga.

Thus ends the Sarga thirty three of Sundarakanda in Ramayana teh first poem ever composed in Sanskrit by the first poet sage Valmiki.

|| om tat sat||
rakṣasā pahr̥tā bhāryā rāvaṇēna durātmanā|
dvaumāsau tēna mē kālō jīvitānugrahaḥ kr̥taḥ||31||
ūrdhvaṁ dvābhyāṁ tu māsābhyāṁ tatastakṣyāmi jīvitam||32||

I, his wife was carried away by the evil minded Ravana. He has given me a two months to live. After those two months I will be giving up my life.
|| om tat sat||