||Sundarakanda||

|| Sarga 32 ||

|| Tattva Dipika ||

Click here for Sanskrit Text in Telugu , Kannada, Gujarati, Devanagari, English

 

|| ఓమ్ తత్ సత్||
సోsవతీర్య ద్రుమా త్తస్మా ద్విద్రుమప్రతిమాననః|
వినీతవేషః కృపణః ప్రణిప త్యోపసృత్య చ||1||
Dressed in a somber manner and shining, he whose face was of the color of corals, having offered salutations approached the deeply sorrowing lady.

Sundarakanda
Sarga 33

Tattvadipika 33
"భార్యా రామస్య ధీమతః"

In the thirty second Sarga
Sita with fears clouding her mind,
offers prayers to Brahma Indra and Brihaspti.
She says,"Let all those words spoken by the Vanara,
be true and not anything else".
"అనేనచోsక్తం యదిదం మమాగ్రతః
వనౌకసా తత్ చ తథాస్తు నాన్యథా|"

That is a fervent prayer.

Why is she praying that let everything said by the Vanara be true?
From Hanuma's narration of "Ram katha",
The following good news is clear
Rama is in search of Sita.
Earlier Sita was worried,
"ఇహస్థాం మాం న జానీతే"
"may be he does not know I am captive here".
Now she knows, that he is in search of her.

In that process of searching for her,
"అససాద వనే మిత్రం"|
" Acquired friends in the forest"
Rama acquired new friends in the forests.
With their help thousands have been deployed in all directions.
So actions for search and rescue of Sita are in full swing.
That is what Sita hopingh for.

Hanuman too realized that having heard the "Ram katha",
Sita is now receptive.
That was what he hoped for too.
So he comes down the Simsupa tree.
Approching her, bows his head paying the customary obeisance.
He speaks to her in sweet words.

'Oh Lady with eyes like lotus petals,
Oh blemish less lady ,
Oh Lady wearing crumpled silk garments, and
Oh lady holding on to a branch and standing,
Who are you?
Tears are flowing from your eyes,
like the water trickling down a pair of lotus petals.'

'Oh Auspicious looking lady !
Are you a goddess or the other,
Are you from among Gandharvas, or Nagas, or Rakshasas or Yakshas ?
O Beautiful lady ! Are you one of Rudras or Maruts ?
Oh Best among women you appear to be a goddess to me.
Are you one one of the luminaries that fell on earth separated from the moon?
Are you Rohini, embellished with the best of virtues among all the constellations?
Oh Lady with blemishless eyes!
Who are you ?
Are you Arundhati who out of anger or out of love, made Vasistha angry?
Who is that son or father of brother or husband ,
who departed from this world, making you sorrowful?'.

Hanuma continues.

' From your sorrowful cries and the deep breaths,
you bear the signs of a royal queen.
On the basis of your signs and other qualities
I think that you are the queen of a king or a princess.
Are you Sita that was brought by force from Janasthana?
If you are that Sita brought by Ravana, please tell me.
May god bless you.
Your plight, superior human form,
and your robes marked with asceticism ,
make me think that you certainly look like Rama's queen'.

Flow of Hanuma's speech and approach is notable.
Hanuma knew that she is indeed Sita,

We heard in fifteenth Sarga that Hanuman was delighted,
after confirming to himself that she is indeed Sita.
"ఏవం సీతా తదా దృష్ట్వా
హృష్టః పవన సంభవః".

Hanuma then heard Trijata's detailing her dream.
Hanuma overheard the implorings of Ravana.
Hanuma heard Sita's rejection too.
So he knows fully well that she is indeed Sita.

Yet having already confirmed to himself,
Hanuma did not immediately ask "are you Sita?"

Hanuman's goal was winning Sita's confidence.
So first he presented her state in respectful words.
Then he wondered aloud if she is indeed one of the luminaries.
Finally brought up her being possibly a royal queen.

Only then he asked the question.
Not that he did not know the answer.
He wanted to hear the confirmation from her.

Sita obliges him handsomely.
She details that part of Ramakatha
which Hanuma did not sing.

So Vaidehi Sita hearing his Ram katha ,
delighted by the words of praise about Rama,
addressed Hanuman.

' I am the daughter in law of Dasaratha,
Dasaratha who is the foremost among the great kings on this earth,
Dasaratha who knows Self,
Dasaratha who is a slayer of enemy armies.
I am the daugther of the great soul Janaka , the king of Videha.
I am the wife of sagacious Rama'.

Here Sita sticks the the form of those days.
Custom is that a girl would mention her husbands lineage,
then mention her own lineage,
and finally the name of her husband.
Here Sita first mentions the greatness of Dasaratha.
Then she announces herself as the duaghter of Videha King.
Then announces with pride that she is wife of wise Rama
"భార్యా రామస్య ధీమతః"

This line also echoes an earlier line.
" దీనో వా రాజ్య హీనోవా
యో మే భర్తా స మే గురుః"

Both these lines indicate her firm convictions.
These lines also establish why Sita is seen as an ideal wife.

The description of Dasaratha as one who destroyed enemies,
almost hints at another thought.
That her status would have been different if were he alive.

Then Sita continues her narration.

' I have lived in Rama's house for twelve years.
Enjoyed the pleasures of a human being.
Then in the thirteenth year,
the king decided to anoint Rama,
the delight of Ikshwaku line, as the king.
The arrangements for anointing Rama are on.
Then queen by name Kaikeye spoke to her husband thus.
"I will not drink or eat,
if Rama is anointed.
This is the end of my life.
Oh Best of Kings those words of love you spoke to me,
if they are not to be false then Rama goes to forest".
Those were the words of Kaikeyi.

'The king ever truthful,
remembering the word given to Kaikeye,
hearing the unpleasant words of Kaikeye fainted'.

'Then the king who is aged ,
who is established in righteous conduct,
while crying begged his famed eldest son to give back the kingdom.
That illustrious one for whom father's word is most important,
more important than the kingdom ,
having accepted in his mind then accepted his words'.

'Rama strength is his truthfulness,
He gives but does not take.
He does not take even if his life were to depend on that.
Nor will he speak words that are unpleasant.
That great person,
casting off the luxurious upper garments,
giving up the kingdom whole heartedly,
entrusted me to his mother in order to go to forests.
I myself started before him to be a forest dweller.
For without him even heaven is not preferable'.

'Sumitra's son, a noble one, is a delight to his friends.
He too dressed himself in bark clothes to follow his brother to the forest'.

While thus elaborating on Rama's character,
Sita's words speak volumes.
"నప్రతిగృహ్ణీయాత్" ,
"He gives does not take back".
"న బ్రూయాత్ కించిదప్రియం"
He does not speak an unpleasant word.
Even if his life depended on that !

"రామః సత్యపరాక్రమః".
Rama is a fighter for truth.

'సత్యపరాక్రమః' has several meanings.
One who is a True fighter.
One who fights for truth.
One who wins all other worlds with truth as his weapon.
All are applicable to Rama.

Dasaratha too is described as one steeped in sticking to truth.
Hinting that the Ikshwaku lineage of Rama is a stickler for truth.

Every word of Sita reflects her commitment.
Commitment to the lineage she stepped into.
Every word of Sita reflects her love for her husband.
In her eloquence Sita displays her pride.

Sita Continues

' Then following the kings orders,
we entered the impenetrable Dandaka forest.
While the most valiant Rama was living in that forest ,
I was carried away by the evil minded Ravana.
He has given me a two months to live.
After those two months I will be giving up my life'.

Sita's last line is as follows.
" తతః తక్ష్యామి జీవితం"
" Then I will give up my life".
That she will give up her life ,
after the expiry of Ravana's time limit,
summarizes her true state.

Thus we hear Sita,
"భార్యా రామస్య ధీమతః"
the wife of wise Rama
expressing her pitiable state in this Sarga.

Thus ends the Sarga thirty three of Sundarakanda in Valmiki Ramayana.

|| ఓమ్ తత్ సత్||
రక్షసా పహృతా భార్యా రావణేన దురాత్మనా|
ద్వౌమాసౌ తేన మే కాలో జీవితానుగ్రహః కృతః||31||
ఊర్ధ్వం ద్వాభ్యాం తు మాసాభ్యాం తతస్తక్ష్యామి జీవితమ్||32||
I, his wife was carried away by the evil minded Ravana. He has given me a two months to live. After those two months I will be giving up my life.
|| om tat sat||