|| Sarga 4 ||

|| Tattva Dipika ||

|| om tat sat||

||om tat sat||

Sarga 4
"Hanuman enters Lanka"

Tattvadipika Sarga 4

Hanuman having defeated Lankini enters Lanka by placing his left foot first, jumping over the boundary wall instead of entering through the main entrance as prescribed by the Sastras. There he sees many Rakshasas guarding Ravana palace. The Palace is surrounded by a moat and has a golden main entrance. Then Hanuman enters the Rakshasa kings palace complex.

That is the summary of Sarga 4.

In the very beginning of the Sarga , Valmiki describes Hanuman entrance in the following words
" अद्वारॆण महाबाहुः प्राकारम्भिपुप्लुवॆ" -
- అద్వారేణ మాహాబాహుఃప్రాకార మభిపుప్లువే".

In this line all the three words अद्वारॆण महाबाहुः प्राकारम्"/ అద్వారేణ" , "మహాబాహు", "ప్రాకారము" are important.

"" अद्वारॆण महाबाहुः प्राकारम्भिपुप्लुवॆ" / అద్వారేణ మహాబాహుః ప్రాకార మభిపుప్లువే",
That means , Hanuman avoiding the main entrance jumped over the boundary wall.

Here अद्वारॆण tells us that Hanuman followed the Royal dictum( Raja Sastra) that when one is entering enemies fort one does not enter through the main entrance. So he enters at a place which is no entrance- अद्वारॆण - This is a common notion or a common explanation.

In this line the Poet Valmiki is apparently elaborating about the path followed by a Gnyaani.
Gnyani is one who has realized the "Self".
Having realized "Self" he has no need for action.
He could be a candidate for perfect "non action", by indulging himself in the happy realization of "Self"
But having realized "Self", the Gnyani continues to perform action , not for himself, but for the welfare of the society.
Such Gnyanis are born not to enjoy the fruits based action cycle, but to perform tasks ordained by the "Supreme being".
The same point is made by Bhagavan Krishna in Gita (Gita 3-20).
Janaka and others having realized "Self" continue action for the sake of others as though following the direction from the highest.
They continue to perform as if it is at the direction of Bhagavan.

Hanuman defeated Lankini.
She allowed him to go on in search of Sita.
He could have entered through the main entrance as it were.
But Hanuman chose not to do that
He jumped over the boundary wall and entered the City.

Lanka is the body complex.
Those who enter through the main entrance of the body complex are the ones who are born to go through the action cycle of bondage.
Those who do not have the need for going through the cycle of bondage do not go through the entrance of the body complex
Gnyani's need not go through the main entrance of the body complex
To emphasize that only Valmiki said Hanuman a Gnyani entered अद्वारॆण not through the main entrance.

So one may again wonder why the Gnyani's need to take a life.
They take a life to perform the actions as needed , as stated before.

Hanuman is a Gnyani
Hanuman being a Gnyani did not enter through the entrance.
That is the point of अद्वारॆण

अद्वारॆण"అద్వారేణ" has another view point.

Here अ= Bhagavan
द्वारॆण - through the door
Bhagavan entered through the door.
Or he, on the purpose of Bhagavan, entered through the main entrance
Hanuman came with the express duty of performing a task for Bhagavan
That is in search of Sita.
So this is perfect elaboration too.

There is yet another thought about "अद्वारॆण"అద్వారేణ"

People who are focussed on a task, are not interested in the glare associated with grand entrances and would, being focussed on the task, adapt a path away from the glare. In అద్వారేణ Hanuman being focussed on the task of searching for Sita and wanting to avoid the glare of the main entrance entered by jumping over the boundary wall. This is also appropriate elaboration.

Then let us understand the second word महाबाहुः

Hanuman is described as having long powerful arms.
The arms are for performing actions
For performing action the requirement of arms is not being long and powerful.
The important requirement is that tasks so performed do not create a bondage.
Mahabaahu is one whose arms perform actions that do not result in a Bondage,
That means Mahabaahu is one who having forsaken the fruits of action, performs the actions which do not result in bondage.

Hanuman is performing action for
रामार्थम् च् वानरार्थम् च
For Rama and and for Vanaras.
A selfless act and hence is well described as Mahabahu.

The third word is about the boundary wall प्राकार/ "ప్రాకారము"

Hanuman jumped over the boundary wall.
It is boundary wall made of gold.
For the body complex the enticing worldly affairs are our golden ramparts
The one who is able to jump over them, is the one who will succeed in the search of "Self"
That one who is able to jump over the golden ramparts of worldly enticements is Gnyani.
Hanuman is that Gnyani.

This the three words అద్వారేణ మహాబాహు ప్రాకారము point to the characteristics of a Gnyani.
That these three are the characteristics of Hanuman is known.

For others too one can be a Mahabahu by forsaking fruit-related actions. One can succeed in the search for Self realization by jumping over the Golden ramparts of worldly enticements. One can be focussed in his search for "Self" by avoiding the glare of the main entrance.

That is the elaboration of Appalaacharyulu varu.

The point of putting the left foot forward may not have any additional significance. But Govindaraju in his Ramayana Tilaka presented the following

"अद्वारॆण प्रविशॆत् शतृविनाशाय-
అద్వారేణ ప్రవిశేత్ శతృవినాశాయ"
as a statement from Niti Sasatra. That entering the enemies fort or a house or a town one should not enter through the main entrance but use a side entrance, which fits with the main explanation.

But why put left foot first?
Elaborating on this Govindaraju says in his Tilaka putting left foot forward is like placing a foot on the head of the enemies and is a sign of victory according to Raja Sastra.

He also quotes Brihaspati as saying:
प्रयाणकालॆ च गृहप्रवॆशॆ विवाहकालॆपि दक्षिनाघ्रिं।
कृत्वा अग्रतः शतृ पुर प्रवॆशॆ निदध्याचरणं नृपालः॥ "ప్రయాణకాలే చ గృహప్రవేశే వివాహకాలేపి దక్షిణాఘ్రిం|
కృత్వా అగ్రతః శతృ పురప్రవేశే నిదధ్యాచరణం నృపాలః | "
Meaning that at the time of starting a travel, in marriages, and while entering a house one should put left foot first"

Putting left foot forward is thus auspicious while starting.

Hanuman who enters Lanka proceeds with all these signs pointing to victory.

||om tat sat||
||Readers note- this is what is understood from the Tattvadipika of Shri Bhashyam Apalaacharyulavaaru||
|| om tat sat||