||Sundarakanda||

|| Sarga 5 ||

|| Tattva Dipika ||

|| om tat sat||

||om tat sat||
ततस्य मध्यंगत मंशुमंतं ज्यॊत्स्ना वितानं महदुद्वमंतं ॥
ददर्श धीमान् दिवि भानुअमंतं गॊष्टॆ वृषं मत्तमिव भर भ्रमंतं ॥
Then that intelligent Hanuman saw the luminous lord, the Moon, rise to the middle of the sky spreading a canopy of light like the Sun in the sky. He was looking like an intoxicated mighty bull in the cowshed (amidst a herd of cows)

Sundarakanda
Sarga 5
Tattvadipika; Hanuman's search.

Briefly the Sarga five is about Hanuman's search for Sita in Lanka .

In that city of Lanka Hanuman saw Rakshasas full of riches, Rakshasas who are intoxicated , Rakshasa who are bantering with each other. Similarly Hanuman saw women who were sleeping with their husbands, women with pretty faces, happy women, angry women, women who are waiting for their loved ones, and so on . But he did not find pious Sita longing for her husband. Unable to see her though he was searching fro a long time, Hanuman for a moment felt dejected.

Tattva Dipika.

In the first sloka of the first Sarga we heard that the search for Sita, separated from Rama, is also a search for "Self or Jivaatma" for uniting that with "Paramatman". That is the underlying story of Sundarakanda

Once we view it from the point of view of searching for "Self" there are a few points to be noted in this Sarga.

Mainly these are three.

In the last sloka of third Sarga , poet says that Moon was shining as though he was aiding in Hanuman's search for Sita.
In this Sarga that Moon has been described in many wonderful lines of beautiful poetry.

1 Describing Moon , Valmiki refers to him as " Bhagavan Shashanka"
In another sloka Valmiki refers to the night as Bhagavan Pradosha"
The moon who was spreading his rays brightening everything and thus aiding the search for Sita is indeed a "Bhagavan", because he was helping the cause.
The knowledge that helps in understanding "Self" and realizing "Self" is auspicious.
The knowledge that directs you towards the normal pursuits and pushes to actions in search of fruits that knowledge is inauspicious.

Here the Moon aiding the search of Sita is "Bhagavan"
Similarly the night that comes in aid of the search for Sita is " Bhagavan"
That night, as well as that life, that comes in aid of the search for Sita, is indeed a form of Bhagavan"

That night is auspicious.
Indeed when one is in pursuit of a task all those that aid him are like the Supreme being himself who is making it happen.
Valmiki by calling Moon and the night "Bhagavan" makes that point abundantly clear.

2 Sundarakanda has three parts
- Search
- Darsnam
- Destroying the enemies

Hanuman searches of Sita, has her Darshan, and kills the Rakshasas tormenting her.
Continuing the analogy of the search, the Jiva also searches for Atma, realizes Atman, and destroys the sins that block the path for realization of Atman.

Upanishads say in one word,-
" సో అన్వేష్టవ్యః" -
meaning "సః అన్వేష్టవ్యః" -
meaning " he is fit for inquiry""
Who is fit for inquiry?
That Bhagavan is a fit subject for enquiry
It means that Search for the Supreme being is indeed an eminent subject.

So is the case for search of "Atman"

In this search for Sita, Valmiki describes Hanuman as looking at Rakshasa women, their faces , their eyes and the jewels they are wearing so on. Searching for Sita he has no option but look at the ladies. Poet seems intent on making us ask what is in a face.

Those who are bound for self realization or realizing the god will have peace reigning on their faces and in their eyes.
When that peace is reigning in their faces, then their grasping power increases.
When that grasping power increases the realization of self is on the horizon.
When one truly seeks Bhagavan, there is a spark in the eyes like a blooming flower.

The spark in the eye is an indicator of knowledge.
When the knowledge is that of Supreme being the eye adds undefinable piece of beauty to the face.

The two attributes equanimity and restraint are like jewelry to the body.

The one who has the three , peace reigning in their faces, the knowledge of Bhagavan reflected in their eyes, and has the attributes of equanimity and restraint is accepted by the gurus as a seeker.

3 In the last line of the Sarga we hear that Hanuman is hit by grief and was for a moment slowed down in his search of Sita
Hanuman saw many beautiful ones. His mind was enamoured.
But realizing that he is unable to Sita made him feel dejected.

In the search for "Self" too one would see many wonderful experiences.

But the one in search of self realization is never stopped or diverted by such wonderful experiences. They continue their search for "Self"
Instead of delighting at the sight of other women or other wonderful sights , one would become more sorry that they did not succeed in their search for "Self" and would be dejected.

Hanuman's dejection is a similar one.

||om tat sat||
|| Note for Readers: This is the gist of Tattvadipika of Shri Bhashyam Apalaacharyulavaaru as understood by us||
|| om tat sat||